The Small Party Problem

The Conservatives and Internet Mana are out, but there are still too many small parties. We’ve come up with a novel new solution to the problem: why not institute a six-seat threshold for electorates? Any party that wins fewer than six electorates shouldn’t be represented in Parliament. If an electorate vote is won by a candidate from a party that doesn’t reach the threshold, the seat in question should be awarded to the nearest runnerup from a major party instead. Brilliant!

Oh, wait, no, that’s a terrible idea.

But it’s exactly the same principle as the threshold for the party vote. Continue reading

The Threshold for Democracy

Labour is right. It is an affront to democracy that some parties receive many more list votes than another party that has won an electorate seat, and yet get no MPs.

However, at the moment, winning – or being allowed to win – an electorate seat and taking advantage of the lower threshold for list votes is virtually the only way for minor or fledgling political parties to establish a presence in government. Requiring every party to cross the same party vote threshold even if it is lowered to 4%, as proposed in the Electoral Amendment Bill, will make it very difficult for minor parties to attract votes. Continue reading